The American Diabetes Association® reports that nearly one out of every 10 Americans is living with diabetes. Fortunately, this disease is as treatable as it is prevalent. If you’re living with diabetes and want to get the medical support you need to manage it and protect your quality of life, Kheyson MD is here to help. Call their Annadale, Staten Island, New York, office or book your appointment online.

Diabetes Q & A

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a group of diseases that affect the way your body uses the sugar (also called glucose) in your blood. Whenever you eat a meal, some of the sugar from the food enters your bloodstream. Then, your body uses a hormone called insulin to draw those blood sugars into your cells to use as energy. 

The issue for people living with diabetes comes down to insulin. In the most common types of diabetes, insulin production or performance in the body is compromised. As a result, sugar builds up in the blood. This excess of blood sugar creates symptoms, including:

  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Increased hunger or thirst
  • Increased need to urinate
  • Irritability
  • Sores that take a long time to heal
  • Increased frequency of infections
  • Blurry vision

What are the different types of diabetes?

There are three primary types of diabetes:

Type 1 diabetes

When you have type 1 diabetes, your body mistakenly attacks the cells in your pancreas that produce insulin. This leaves you with insufficient insulin to process all of the sugar in your blood. People with type 1 diabetes usually receive a diagnosis during childhood or adolescence. 

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, usually develops later in life. It’s characterized by insulin resistance, which means your body resists insulin as it tries to draw sugar from your blood into your cells. Obesity and a sedentary lifestyle increase your risk of developing this type of diabetes. 

Gestational diabetes

Some women develop diabetes during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes occurs because the hormones the placenta produce can cause insulin resistance. Fortunately, it usually resolves naturally once you give birth, but it’s important to know that gestational diabetes increases your risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes. 

Can diabetes be cured or treated?

There isn’t a cure for diabetes, but effective treatment is available. The diabetes specialists at Kheyson MD are available to work with you to develop a treatment plan that helps you control your disease and manage your symptoms so you can enjoy a healthy, happy life with diabetes. 

Many diabetes treatments, including all type 1 diabetes treatments and some type 2 treatments, include insulin to help your body better process the sugar in your blood. For Type 2 diabetes, though, the most effective diabetes management programs include lifestyle changes like a healthy diet and regular exercise. With these changes, many patients don’t need to rely on insulin to keep their blood sugar balanced. 

Similarly, if you have prediabetes (a condition in which your blood sugar levels are higher than normal), Kheyson MD helps you make the lifestyle changes needed to ensure prediabetes doesn’t develop into type 2 diabetes. 

The team at Kheyson MD works with you to find the right treatment program for your specific body and diabetes diagnosis. To get started, call the office or schedule your appointment online.